Who Is God?

Who is God?  If you could sit down as a reporter and talk to God, what would He tell you?  How would He describe Himself?  The Bible is a book where God has made Himself known.  We are told that “all Scripture is given by the inspiration of God”  (2 Tim. 3.16).  We are also told that “the secret things belong to the Lord our God, but those things which are revealed belong to us”  (Deut. 29.29).  If you want to know who God is, then you need to study the Bible, for it is in the Bible that God has told us about Himself.

The attributes of God can be divided into two categories.  

1.  The Bible refers to the moral character of God.  Here are just a few of His moral characteristics.

  • God is Holy.  We can read in 1 Peter 1.16, that “as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct.”  To be holy is to be separate and set apart.  God is separate and set apart for sin, and we are to be that way as well.
  • God is Just.  In 1 John 1.9, we can read that God is “faithful and just to forgive us our sins.”  God is reliable.  He will always do what is right.
  • God is merciful.  We can read in Luke 6.36, “Therefore be merciful, just as your Father also is merciful.”  God puts Himself in our shoes and feels what we feel, and then acts accordingly. This verse tells us that we are supposed to be the same way toward others.
  • God is Love. In 1 John 4.7, we are told that we are to “love one another, for God is love.”  The concept of love in the Bible is to always desire what is best for the one who is loved.  We are love one another because God loves us.

1.  The Bible also refers to the deistic character of God.  God’s moral character is something that we can and are expected to imitate.  The deistic character of God cannot be imitated, and we will find it much more difficult to grasp.

  • God is Omnipotent.  This means that God is all powerful. Jeremiah addressed God saying, “Ah, Lord God! Behold, You have made the heavens and the earth by Your great power and outstretched arm. There is nothing too hard for You”  (Jer. 32.17).
  • God is Omnipresent.  This means that God is everywhere at all times. In Psalm 139.7, the question was rhetorically asked, “Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from Your presence?”  The writer continues in the verses that follow to refer to the upper part of the sky, the lowest depths of the sea, even in the darkest of places where no one can see.  No matter where we go, there God will be.  God is omnipresent. He is everywhere at all times.
  • God is Omniscient.  This means that God knows everything. We learn from Hebrews 4.13 that “there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.”
  • God is Eternal.  In Exodus 3.14, God describes Himself as “I AM WHO I AM.”  Literally, the idea is that God is self-existing.  There has never been a time when God did not exist.  He is eternal. 

The Power of God

The best way to understand the power of God is to give consideration to His creation.  Everything that exists was brought into existence by God.  In Revelation 4, we are given a peek of the throne room of heaven.  In this room, there are 24 elders who surround the throne singing praises to God.  Listen to their words of praise.

Revelation 4.11:  “You are worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power;  For You created all things, and by Your will they exist and were created.”

We can look outside at the beautiful, blue sky, and from a distance we can see the mountains.  Technology allows us to view other planets, stars, and even solar systems.  I am amazed to learn that our galaxy has an estimated 100 billion stars.  It is said that it takes light traveling at the speed of 186,000 miles per second 100,000 years to go from one side of our galaxy to the other.  I am told that there are billions of other galaxies each one having approximately the same number of stars as our own.  All of this exists for one reason.  God decided to create our universe.

We can look inside to the inner workings of the human body.  The eye is more intricate than any telescope, microscope, or any other modern day devices designed to see things.  The brain that is more complex and advanced than any of the modern day computers the brain has constructed.  The human nervous system is more intricate than any electrical system than man has created.  The body is such a marvelous creation that the psalmist was moved to write these words.

Psalm 139.14:  “I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made.”

You and I exist for one reason.  Long ago, God created the first man and woman, and commanded that they “be fruitful and multiply”  (Gen. 1.22).  God set in motion the process of procreation.  You and I exist because God decided to create us.

Then consider that all things came into existence by the spoken word of God.  Consider the words of the psalmist in Psalm 33.9-11.

Psalm 33.6-9:  “By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, and all the host of them by the breath of His mouth.  He gathers the waters of the sea together as a heap;  He lays up the deep in storehouses.  Let all the earth fear the Lord;  Let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of Him.  For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast.” 

Let’s try an experiment.  Say the words, “Let there be light.”  Did light suddenly appear?  Repeat the words again and this time as you say the words, snap your fingers.  Did light suddenly appear?  God spoke the words, “Let their be light.”  And there was light.  That’s how powerful God is.  That’s why Jesus said what He said in Matthew 5.45.

Matthew 5.45:  “He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.”

Notice that Jesus refers to the sun as belonging to God.  It is His sun.  God made the sun.  God controls the sun.  If He wanted to make the sun stand still, He can do it, and He has done it  (Josh. 10.12-15).  When Jesus hung on the cross, it says that the sun refused to shine  (Luke 23.45).  Who caused that to happen?  God did!  God is so powerful that He can create and control something that affects our lives from day to day, and we usually don’t even think about it, because every morning, we wake up and just take it for granted that the sun will rise, and it does not even occur to us that it is God who makes it happen. If you ask the question, Who is God?  This is who God is.

The Personality of God

When you study the Bible to answer the question, Who is God, you will find that God describes Himself as having certain personality traits.  A few of them were mentioned at the beginning of this article such as the love of God and the mercy of God.  In this brief space, let’s give some attention to the single most revealing act that God ever committed.  The central theme of the Bible is the coming of Jesus and the salvation that we can access through Him.  It is in this single act that reveals so much of His personality.  

When you study the Bible to understand God’s grace, you can turn to the most comprehensive chapter in the Bible on grace -- Ephesians 2.  If you want to know about grace, Ephesians 2 is where you go to read about it.

In this chapter, you can learn about your condition.  There was a time when you were dead because of sin  (Eph. 2.1-3). Yet although you were spiritually dead, you were alive through Jesus.  This happened because of God’s grace.  Grace is the idea of receiving a gift that you do not deserve.  Specifically, you deserve to die because of your sins, but God gives you the gift of salvation through Jesus even though you do not deserve it.  

In Ephesians 2, grace consists of three of God’s personality traits.  Let’s consider what these personality traits involve.

Who is God?  God is Merciful

Ephesians 2.4:  “But God, who is rich in mercy…”

The concept of mercy is to see someone in a desperate situation.  In your mind, you imagine what it is like to be in their situation.  Then you treat them the way you would want to be treated in that situation. 

God is a God of mercy.  God is not One who is calloused and without feeling.  He sees our condition and He has compassion for us.  That brings to mind the city of Nineveh.  Jonah was told to convince the people of Nineveh to change their ways lest they be destroyed.  Jonah did not want to do so because, "I know that You are a gracious and merciful God, slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness"  (Jonah 4.2).  The people of Nineveh were Jonah’s enemies, and he would rather they be destroyed.  Notice how God responded to Jonah.

Jonah 4.11:  “And should I not pity Nineveh, that great city, in which are more than one hundred and twenty thousand persons who cannot discern between their right hand and their left — and much livestock?”

Who is God?  God is Loving

If you go back to Ephesians 2, you will read that God is not only merciful, but loving.

Ephesians 2.4:  “But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us” 

The concept of love in the Bible is to always want what is best for the one who is loved.  God loves us and always wants what is best.  It is His love that moved Him to send Jesus to save us from our sins. 

How powerful is God?  He is so powerful that He brought the universe into existence by His spoken word.  By the breath of His mouth the stars, planets, trees, mountains, and even man exists.  It is this same God who loves us enough to give us hope through Jesus.  He loves us enough to listen to us when we approach Him through Jesus.  He loves us enough to be concerned about the details of our lives, because He is a God of love. 

Who is God?  God is Kind

If you go back to Ephesians 2, you will find one more personality trait of God that constitutes His grace.

Ephesians 2.7:  “that in the ages to come He might show the exceeding riches of His grace in His kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.”

God is a God of mercy, a God of love, and a God of kindness.  It is the mercy, love, and kindness of God that compelled Him to send Jesus to save us from our sins.  

As we think about the mercy, love and kindness of God, another verse comes to mind that demands our attention.  

Romans 11.22:  “Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise you also will be cut off.”

God is good as is seen in His mercy, love, and kindness.  But God is also severe.  The Creator of all things expects our loyalty and obedience to Him.  His grace is extended to us conditionally.  His grace is available to everyone (Titus 2.11), but it is only received by those who commit themselves to serve God in faithful obedience to His laws (2 Thess. 1.8).  It is when we submit ourselves to Him that we can enjoy all the blessings that His mercy, love, and kindness extend.  

Look at how powerful God is in that He created all that exists.  Then consider how good God is in that He sent His Son so that those who believe in Him can enjoy the blessings of His grace.

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